Are you using the right motor oil on your vehicles? What about the right grease to optimize the performance of your machinery? Lubricants play an integral part in the efficiency of a piece of equipment or vehicle, but with so many different oils, greases, and lubes on the market, purchasing and utilizing the correct product for your equipment can be daunting. Join us in exploring the different lubricants, their applications, and which ones you need to operate with the greatest efficiency!
Let’s begin with the most commonly used lubricant in the workplace; motor oil. Motor oil is usually classified into one of four varieties.
- Synthetic Motor Oil: Synthetic motor oil is chemically engineered so that its molecules are more uniform in shape and contain far fewer impurities and have better properties to increase its performance in extreme temperatures.
- Synthetic Blend Motor Oil: is a mixture of conventional basic oil and synthetic to formulate a fluid that is resistant to oxidation
- High Mileage Motor Oil: This motor oil is specially formulated for both older and newer vehicles with over 75,000 miles. It is engineered with unique additives to reduce oil burn off and prevent oil leaks which are more common in older engines.
- Conventional Motor Oil: Formed in many grades, conventional motor oils are designed with simple engine designs and use in mind.
Motor oils use a system developed by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), to classify the oil fluids viscosity. Viscosity is a quantity expressing the magnitude of internal friction, as measured by the force per unit area resisting a flow in which parallel layers unit distance apart has a unit speed relative to one another.
In other words, it is the resistance a fluid gives to tension. A low viscosity is something like water, while a higher viscosity is something more like honey. The viscosity grade of a lube oil is determined by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
Multigrade Oils and Monograde Oils
Oils can be separated into multigrade oils and monograde oils. Multigrade oils must fulfill two viscosity specifications, their viscosity grade consists of two numbers, e.g. 10W-40: 10W refers to the low-temperature viscosity (“Winter”), 40 refers to the high-temperature viscosity (“Summer”). Currently, most automotive engine oils are multigrade oils, while oils for restricted usage, e.g. for seasonally used engines like lawnmowers, are often monograde oils.
Armed with this information you can now make informed purchasing decisions for you or your company in regards to motor oil. If you found this information interesting please consider following us on social media for more useful guides and articles. If you are looking for motor oil for you or your company check our performance 500 line of lubricants here!
-The SC Fuels team